The British Society for Geomorphology defines it thus: “Geomorphology is the study of landforms, their processes, form and sediments at the surface of the Earth (and sometimes on other planets). Study includes looking at landscapes to work out how the earth surface processes, such as air, water and ice, can mould the landscape. Landforms are produced by erosion or deposition, as rock and sediment is worn away by these earth-surface processes and transported and deposited to different localities. The different climatic environments produce different suites of landforms. The landforms of deserts, such as sand dunes and ergs, are a world apart from the glacial and periglacial features found in polar and sub-polar regions. Geomorphologists map the distribution of these landforms so as to understand better their occurrence” (

At the Master of Science in Earth Sciences offered by Australian National University, “You’ll study courses from different earth science disciplines including computational geosciences, data sciences, analytical techniques, biogeochemistry, experimental petrology, geobiology, geochemistry, geochronology, geology, geophysics, ocean and climate change and planetary sciences” ( It is distinguished from Geology but different authors and institutions lay different emphases. Some treat Geomorphology as a sub-discipline within geology but there is no consensus.

Coventry University offers a Geomorphology Master in Science by Research ( The University of Bristol offers a PhD in Geographical Sciences (Physical Geography) as also an MSc by Research. It offers also a Masters by Research in Global Environmental Challenges and a PhD in Geographical Sciences (Human Geography) – (

The University of Freiburg offers a Masters in Geography which “enables students to understand and assess how environmental issues are shaped by biophysical, social, economic, and political processes. All students take a core module dealing with conceptual and theoretical foundations of geography, and choose a specialisation: either dynamics in glaciology and geomorphology, which covers topics such as the cryosphere, glaciology or alpine geomorphology; or nature, society and politics, which explores nature-society relations in space through thematic entry points such as nature conservation and resource management, rural development and change, water governance, land and environmental conflicts” (

The Department of Geography, University of Sussex offers highly specialized PhD programme in Geomorphology. It says that “The science that links environmental change to physical responses in geomorphological processes and landforms is a complex area and one that is of interest to policy makers and academic research. Our research investigates sensitive systems by field monitoring, physical and numerical modelling, description and analysis of sediments, soils and rocks, and reconstruction of Quaternary environments.  We address the cross-cutting research theme Surface-Atmosphere Interactions together with the Climate Science and Society research cluster” (

The Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, focuses on research and education in the nature, genesis, and history of the Earth and its crust, and the evolution of the environment and biota at the Earth’s surface. It offers a Geosciences MS. It says on its website that “The Department of Geosciences at the University of Arizona offers both a two-year M.S. and a four-year Ph.D. program. Both programs are research based and have course work requirements, as well as a final requirement of an M.S. thesis or a Ph.D. dissertation. All students who apply are considered for financial support (in the form of teaching/research assistantships, or fellowships). Almost all students admitted to our degree programs are offered financial support; M.S. students are funded for two years, and Ph.D. students are funded for four years” (







The M.S. in Applied Gepgraphy – Applied Geomorphology at The University of North Texas “prepares geography students for careers or further education in a wide variety of areas concerned with processes that shape the surface of the earth. Applied geomorphology emphasizes geomorphological processes that are of societal significance, including hazards such as flooding, expansive soils, landslides and coastal erosion. This track enables students to structure their degree plans around conceptual and technical aspects of applied geomorphology” (

At The Geography & Environment Studies of The University of Regina, “MA and MSc degree programs and in special circumstances a PhD program are offered in selected areas of Geography. Research interests of the department include: cultural, historical, economic, rural and urban geography, cartography, resource management, remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), hydrology, geomorphology, and applied climatology. Particular emphasis is paid to geographical analysis of the problems of the Canadian prairies” (

The Simon Frase University offers Graduate Student Opportunities in Fluvial Geomorphology and Sedimentology. It says that “Full funding is available for all graduate student positions (2 years for masters and 4 years for doctoral) for students that do not have funding from external sources” and encourages “inquiries from students of all scientific backgrounds, students with training in Physical Geography, Earth Sciences, Oceanogra-phy, Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science or Engineering” (